Dwaraka is a city located in Devbhoomi Dwarka district in India’s western state of Gujarat. The city is one of the foremost four sacred Hindu pilgrimage sites (Chardham), and is one of the seven most ancient religious cities in the country. Dwarka is often identified with the Dwarka Kingdom, the ancient kingdom of Lord Krishna and is believed to have been the first capital of Gujarat. The city is centred around Dwarkadheesh Temple (dedicated to Lord Krishna), which was built around 200 BCE and was enlarged in the 17th century.
The city finds mention in Indian epic literature Dvārakā found in Mahabharata and Skanda Purana and also in the copper inscription dated 574 AD. Before its establishment, the area under the city was a part of the vast area covered under Indus valley Civilization during the early period of history.
Recent findings indicate that these stories of ancient Dwarka have a historical basis. Thirty copper coins, a foundation of boulders, old structures including a circular one and pottery samples dating back around 1500 BC were excavated. The recent underwater study on the coastal water of Dwarka conducted by the Archeological Survey of India reveals the existence of a city dated to the 2nd millennium BC. The search for the lost city revealed a township that was built in six sectors along the banks of a river. They have also found a well-fortified township of Dwarka, that extended more than half a mile from the shore. The foundation of boulders, on which the city’s walls were erected, proves that the land was reclaimed from the sea. The general layout of the city of Dwarka described in ancient texts corresponds with that of the submerged city discovered by the Marine Archeology Unit (MAU).